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Understanding Trends in Toxics Use
EXAMPLE #1:
Different types of facilities were added to the reporting requirement in different years.

In 1990, only certain manufacturing companies were required to report use of toxic materials. Starting in 1991, both certain manufacturing and certain non-manufacturing companies were required to report. Reporting progress for companies that started reporting in different years is best done by reporting progress only over the years reported in common.
 
Suppose, for example, that there are only two companies in a town, XYZ Corp and ABC Corp. The quantities reported might look something like this:
 
 
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
XYZ Corp
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
70,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
ABC Corp
0
100,000
110,000
110,000
100,000
120,000
130,000
130,000
 
At first glance, it would seem that the total chemical use in the town might be:
 
 
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
Total
50,000
160,000
180,000
190,000
170,000
170,000
190,000
200,000
 
However, a look at the SIC codes for these companies would show that XYZ Corp is a manufacturing company that had to start reporting in 1990, but ABC Corp is a distributor and didn't have to start reporting until 1991. As a result, there is no way to tell from the TURA data how much ABC used in 1990 and reporting the total as 50,000 lbs is most likely an underestimate. In addition, because the 1990 data only includes the XYZ's reported use, the increase from 50,000 in 1990 to 160,000 in 1991 is most likely an overstatement of the change, because the 50,000 is only XYZ's amount and the 160,000 includes both companies' amounts.
 
Given this problem with changing reporting requirements, one way to look at trends is to report the quantities for all companies that were required to report in common years. For this example, it is possible to say that the use of toluene in the town increased from 160,000 in 1991 to 200,000 in 1997. In this case, a report of use for the company might look like this:
 
 
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
Total
N/A **
160,000
180,000
190,000
170,000
170,000
190,000
200,000
** A change in reporting requirements makes it impossible to report total use for this year for all companies in the town on a basis consistent with the other years reported.
 


 
 
 
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